Storehouse Student Resources- Roman Catholicism

Storehouse Student Resources- Roman Catholicism

Storehouse Student Resources is a post about what students learned on  Wednesday nights during our gathering in the Storehouse.

The main goal is to better equip our students to be bold witnesses for Christ.

Our leaders Steve and Jan Holland taught and answered questions regarding Roman Catholics. The information below is what we learned from the Hollands.

Roman Catholicism

Brief History of Catholicism

In 1054 AD, the Roman Catholics split with the Orthodox Christians over questions of doctrine and absolute authority and behavior of the popes. The Roman Catholic Church based their beginnings on Matthew 16:18-19, but they clearly took it out of context. Based on that, The Roman Catholic church claims they are the ONLY authentic Christian church.

Population

 There are some interesting population facts about Catholics. As for the world, it is estimated that 1.3 billion Roman Catholics are in the world. In regards to the United States, it is estimated that there are 70 plus million Roman Catholics. That makes us about 22% of the population. South Carolina is no stranger to Roman Catholics. In South Carolina, it is estimated that there are

200,000 plus Roman Catholics in South Carolina. Of course, these numbers are growing more and more due to people moving from the north to the south. In Greenville, S.C., between the years of 2007 to 2016, there was a 25% increase in people ascribing to the Roman Catholic faith.

Catholic Belief About God

The Catholic beliefs about God are very similar to some of the beliefs that we as protestants hold dear. For example, Catholics believe there is One, true living God.

They believe that He is the Creator and Lord of heaven and earth. They also believe that He is Almighty, Eternal, and Immeasurable. Something interesting that they believe is that God is Incomprehensible, meaning a person cannot comprehend God or understand Him. Catholics also believe that He is Infinite in will, understanding and every perfection.

Another interesting belief that Catholics hold about God is that He is revealed through Scripture and Tradition. They strongly believe that tradition plays an important role. Tradition is the word of mouth teachings passed down from generation to generation.

Catholic Belief About Jesus

 Catholics do have a very reverent view of Jesus. They, like many protestants, believe that Jesus is the 2ndPerson of the Trinity, fully human and fully God (CCC, no.464) Furthermore, they believe that Jesus is the Messiah of the Old Testament. They believe that Jesus was born of a virgin, lived a sinless life, died on a Roman cross, was buried and resurrected from the dead, ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. One of the most interesting belief’s about Jesus that Catholics hold is that they do not believe the finished work of Jesus on the cross accomplishes salvation. This belief would be a point of disagreement among protestants.

Catholic Belief About Salvation

 Catholics do hold to a view of salvation. Catholics believe they are saved through the institution of the Catholic Church. In fact, in one of their own councils, they state that implicitly what they believe in this regard. The Church affirms that for believers, the sacraments of the New Covenant are necessary for salvation (CCC 1129). These include the two sacraments of baptism and communion. In the Catholic belief of baptism or infant baptism, the baby is freed from original sin, given a share in God’s life and welcomed as a member of the Church.

The other sacrament held dear to Catholics is the Eucharist or Communion. Catholics believe this to the Body and Blood of Christ, who is truly present – body, blood, soul, and divinity- under the appearances of bread and wine. Therefore, Catholics believe by receiving the Eucharist they are literally receiving Christ, Himself.

  •  *Sacraments – The Catholic Church affirms that for believers, the sacraments of the New Covenant are necessary for salvation (CCC 1129)  (Abbreviation for CCC – Stands for Catechism of the Catholic Church)
  • Baptism – the sacrament which the baby is freed from original sin, given a share in God’s life and welcomed as a member of the Church.
  • Eucharist or Communion – the Body and Blood of Christ, who is truly present – body, blood, soul, and divinity- under the appearances of bread and wine.  Catholics believe by receiving the Eucharist they are literally receiving Christ, Himself
  • Reconciliation – Penance – the sinner confesses all sin to a priest.  The priest gives the sinner things to do to make up for the sin(s) committed and offers forgiveness of sin.
  • Confirmation – the sacrament that strengthens and continues baptism; in this sacrament the Holy Spirit is given.
  • Holy Orders – confers sacred power for service as bishop, priest or deacon.
  • Matrimony – gives spouses the grace to love one another with the love which Christ loved the Church (CCC 1661)
  • Anointing of the Sick – given when a Catholic is in danger of death because of illness or old age.  A priest applies blessed oil to the person (CCC 1530)

Catholic Belief About the Gospel

Roman Catholics do not believe in justification (declared righteous by God) by faith.  They believe in justification by works.

The Council of Trent said:

  • “Those who work well until the end and trust in God, eternal life is to be offered.  It is given as a reward, promised by God Himself, to be faithfully given to their good works and merits.”
  • “If anyone says a sinner is justified by faith alone, let him be anathema. “(anathema means cursed, condemned to hell)
  • “If anyone says that justifying faith is nothing else than confidence in divine mercy, which remits sins for Christ’s sake or that it is this confidence alone that justifies us, let him be anathema.

They do not believe that Jesus’ finished work on the cross accomplishes salvation.

Catholic Beliefs About Sin

 There are two types of sin – mortal and venial.

  • Mortal Sin – willful transgression against God’s Law (10 Commandments). Can condemn someone to eternal hell.
  • Venial Sin- a sin not as bad as a mortal sin. It lessens the grace of God within a person’s soul.  Examples: pride, lust, gluttony, laziness.

Catholics believe in Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory.

Purgatory – a place of temporal punishment where the Catholic goes after he or she dies to be cleansed from sin before going to heaven. In purgatory, Catholics believe they are atoning (paying for) their own sins.

Catholic Beliefs About Mary

  •  Mary was immaculately conceived – did not have original sin. (CCC 490-492)
  • Mary lived a perfectly sinless life. (CCC411, 4493)
  • Mary is eternally a virgin
  • Mary was assumed bodily into heaven where she was crowned Queen of Heaven.
  • Mary’s intercession helps Catholics achieve eternal life.
  • Catholics pray to Mary, have songs about Mary, and have statues of Mary.

Roman Catholic Beliefs versus Protestant Beliefs 

Roman Catholics                                                   Protestants

Faith              in the church                                                         in Christ alone

Salvation       baptism/sacraments /works                       by God’s grace alone

Church          the institution /leaders                                      the believers

Authority      Bible, Tradition, Pope                                            Bible

Sunday           Mass – a sacrifice of Jesus                                  Service

Purgatory       Place of temporal punishment                   Does not exist

Saints             very holy people                                                 are all believers

Prayer            to God, Mary, saints                                     to God through Christ

Faith              ritualistic / rules  oriented                       personal relationship with Christ

Witnessing Tips

When talking to a friend or family member who is Catholic, simply keep the conversation focused on Jesus. Keep asking some simple questions like the following:

Ask“ who pays for your sin”?

  1. Jesus alone (Protestants believe)
  2. Jesus + you (Catholics believe)

Ask “what do you base that on?”

**All man-made religions try to reach God on their own terms. Anyone that comes to God MUST come to God on His terms ALONE!

Resources

https://www.namb.net/apologetics-blog/roman-catholicism-overview/   (NAMB)

https://carm.org/roman-catholicism  (Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry)